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    Running Tips   Knee Pain, Shin Splints, Plantar Fasciitis and Achilles Tendonitis: the Most Common Running Injuries

Knee Pain, Shin Splints, Plantar Fasciitis and Achilles Tendonitis: the Most Common Running Injuries

 October 20, 2011 7
Achille's Heel

Achille's Heel

Pain – unfortunately – is a familiar concept for runners. Running is a high-impact activity and a certain degree of pain is to be expected.
But when the pain a runner experiences is recurring or increasing, both after and during workouts, we might be looking at an injury.

Injuries are usually caused by a mix of three factors: sudden increase in training volume, incorrect technique and biomechanical unbalance. In most cases you can diagnose your overuse injury on your own, as runners typically fall victims of one of the following four common injuries. This doesn’t mean you shoud avoid seeing a specialist, but it is important to recognize the symptoms at an early stage, so that you can correct your training and prevent the injury from becoming something serious.

  • Knee Pain, Runner’s Knee

  • Runner’s Knee is the common name for chondromalacia, a condition where the cartilage underneath the kneecap wears as a consequence of the friction caused by an incorrect tracking of the kneecap during the running motion. The recognizeable symptoms are inflammation and pain under the kneecap while running.

    The main biomechanical causes of this condition are overpronation of the foot and an imbalance between the hamstrings and the quadriceps – in particular loos quadriceps and tight hamstrings. The quadriceps-hamstrings imbalance can accentuate overpronation.

    Stretching is the best way to prevent knee pain. As for healing an existing condition, the two most common devices are shoe orthotics and knee straps. For both, we recommend a visit to a specialist, who can identify the exact causes of your problem.

  • Shin Splints

  • Shin splints is a name commonly given to an array of issues related to the shins. Practically, a shin splint is a pain on the inside or the outside of the shin that occurs during running. The most probable cause of shin splints is increasing the training volume too soon too early. They usually occur in one leg at a time, usually the runner’s dominant leg.

    Anterior shin splints are associated with overpronation, medial (internal) shin splints are commonly associated with an unbalance of the muscles of the lower leg.

    The best way to treat shin splints is to reduce the volume of training (mileage) and ceasing running completely for a while – focusing on reducing the inflammation and thoroughly stretching the calg muscles.

  • Plantar Fasciitis

  • Plantar Fascia

    Plantar Fascia

    The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that runs from the heel to the forefoot at the bottom of your foot. This tendon maintains the arch during each stride (walking, running, jumping…) and absorbs the shock. Plantar fasciitis is a condition that occurs as a consequence of tearing and scarring of the plantar fascia.

    Early symptoms of plantar fasciitis are pain in the heel while walking first in the morning and while starting to run. As the condition develops, the pain lasts longer in the morning and while running. Acute plantar fasciitis can be so painful that makes running impossible.

    It is very important to give the plantar fascia a rest when the symptom occur, both by stretching, not putting too much pressure on it and wearing some correction devices such as a tension night splint or shoes/boots with higher heels.

  • Achilles Tendonitis

  • The Greek mithology tells us that Achilles – the strongest of the Greek warriors – was dipped by his mother in the waters of the Styx river in order to make him invulnerable. Unfortunately, his mother was holding him by his ankles while dipping him in the water, therefore making his ankles the only vulnerable part of his body. Years later an arrow would hit him in the ankle – and Achilles would die.

    We refer to Achilles Tendonitis (tendinitis) as an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the two major muscles of the calf to the heel bone. This condition needs to be taken seriously, as the tendon can develop nodules of scar tissues or even rupture. When symptoms occur, take all the necessary precautions to reduce inflammation and stretch the calf muscle.

    Overpronation is also a factor. If this is the case, consider swithching to more stable shoes.

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COMMENTS (7)

  • Shin splints…ugh. This problem has always kept me from being able to go for a run. It can be so frustrating and painful. I am really wanting to get back into an exercise routine and have recently found a natural cream from Topricin that helps heal inflammation and reduce pain. It is awesome and so since I have this now, I am definitely hoping for some success with jogging :)

  • my mom bought a treadmill that is motor driven, i still prefer to jog and run the old fashioned way.;-*

  • I have read a few other forums related to this subject in the past couple of days in doing a research report for my project. I have to say that what you’re saying here makes perfect sense and is helping me to get my head around this subject. Do you have any other forums you could recommend to help my research?

    Thank you,

    Chiropractor

    Chiropractor Myrtle Beach

  • Very informative post, I just bookmarked this one and do you mind if I tweet your blog post out to my followers on twitter? I think they would also enjoy the blog post. I also wrote an article on my blog about tendonitis treatment please do check it out.

    Thanks.
    Chin

  • I just started to recover from at. everything i found was pretty drab it basically involved ice heat or painkillers none of which are effective. Tried nsaids but these too only alleveiate pain not cure it.. the mircale formula is as follows… start by running extremely low mileage.. like .25 miles and build at your own pace incorporating a rest day or day when needed on your rest days and lighter days do deep water running…meanwhile to strengthen the weak tendon one needs to do eccentric calf raises religously and good stretchs…try squatting on the wall too if need to really get back on track…make sure your stretching routine incorporates foam rolling of the soleus muscle as well as the complementary mechanisms of the lower leg need to be accomodated….other than that just dont approach recovery like an achilles be patient and be smart

  • The back pain struggle is different for every person. And yet this is more of an exception than a rule
    in the western world or countries influenced by the western world.

    This is because your body is designed for movement, so
    if you do not move after a few minutes; then you will start to
    feeling uncomfortable in some parts of your body.

  • Running injuries usually occur when you push yourself too severely. The way your body moves also plays a role.So did not impart any additional power to the physical structure Thanks for sharing this article.

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